Land-use planning under the Transport Integration Act
The Transport Integration Act 2010 (TIA) recognises that land-use and transport planning are interdependent.
Changes in transport infrastructure alter the demand for different types of land-use.
The reverse is also true as land-use decisions can change transport patterns, for example, planning scheme amendments can change the demand for different types of transport services and infrastructure.
In recognition of this interdependence, the TIA places the same obligations on both transport planners and strategic land-use planners.
Transport planners, in transport bodies such as the Department of Transport, VicRoads and Public Transport Victoria must have regard to the land-use impacts of decisions.
Land-use planners also have legislative obligations in some circumstances because the TIA brings land-use decisions under the TIA policy framework, where decisions, in relation to planning scheme amendments, are likely to have a significant impact on the transport system.
The TIA also provides for interface bodies. Though interface bodies are not transport agencies, they play an important role in creating an effective transport system.
Under section 3 of the TIA, interface bodies include:
- The Minister for Planning
- The Secretary for the Department of Environment, Land, Water and Planning
- Municipal councils (when not acting as transport bodies)
- Parks Victoria
- Victorian Planning Authority
- Development Victoria
Interface bodies are required to have regard to the vision statement, transport system objectives and decision making principles when their decisions are likely to have a significant impact on the transport system.
For example, when a municipal council, acting as a planning authority, is preparing a planning scheme amendment that is likely to have a significant impact on the transport system, the council and its officers must have regard to the TIA's transport system objectives and decision making principles.
Legislation which has significant interface with the transport system is called interface legislation.
Interface legislation includes:
- Planning and Environment Act 1987
- Local Government Act 1989
- Parks Victoria Act 1998
- Major Transport Projects Facilitation Act 2009
- Development Victoria Act 2003
- Wildlife Act 1975